SBM 2020 Presentations
Mullen, S. P., Cohen, J. D., Taggart, A., Bullard, T., Palac, D., Boot, W., Kramer, A. F., & McAuley, E. (April 2019). Middle-aged adults’ expectancies prior to starting a cognitive-motor training and exercise program. To-be-presented at the annual meeting for the Society of Behavioral Medicine. San Francisco, CA.
Brief summary: ADD HERE
Phansikar, M., & Mullen, S. P. (April, 2020). Effect of aerobic exercise intervention on executive functioning: the mediating role of stress. To-be-presented at the annual meeting for the Society of Behavioral Medicine. San Francisco, CA.
Brief summary: There is growing evidence that thermotherapy, i.e. using steam rooms or sauna, can improve cognitive functioning and blood pressure. In this study, we explored whether engaging in exercise combined with steam-room sessions would improve cognitive functioning and perception of stress, beyond exercise sessions alone. We found that those who had a more intense experience post-session (steam vs. room-temperature control condition), including increased perception of stress and/or increased heart rate, had an improvement in some aspects of their cognitive functioning.
Bullard, T., & Mullen, S. P. (April, 2020). Feasibility and efficacy of a brief, video-chat intervention for increasing lifestyle physical activity self-efficacy among low-active, working adults. To-be-presented at the annual meeting for the Society of Behavioral Medicine. San Francisco, CA.
Brief summary: Engagement in lifestyle physical activity (LPA) can complement other forms of structured physical activity (PA) and provides more choices in one’s pursuit to meet public health guidelines. We hypothesized that mobile health interventions providing motivational support may promote LPA via self-efficacy-enhancement. To test this hypothesis, participants were randomized to receive three, brief (10-minute) Social Cognitive Theory (SCT)-guided Google Duo-powered video-chat sessions targeting LPA or time-matched video-chats emphasizing work-life balance, each conducted in the first three weeks of a six-week study. Self-efficacy was assessed prior to the first video chat and at the end of the third chat. After completion of the video chat-phase, participants in the LPA-targeted intervention groups’ self-efficacy > control group (Ms = 83.24+2.73 vs. 76.16+2.77).Overall, 82.60% of participants reported that they enjoyed participating in the study, 84.10% would recommend this program to a friend/family member, and 73.9% believed the video chats were helpful for increasing their PA levels (irrespective of group). These data support our hypothesis that SCT-guided video interactions with low-active, full-time working adults may promote confidence for engaging in LPA.
Adamek, J. F., Bullard, T., Cohen, J. D., Kramer, A. F., McAuley, E., & Mullen, S. P. (April, 2020). Validating the Activity Choice Index with a commercial wearable device and exploring relationships with executive functioning, explicit and implicit physical activity attitudes. To-be-presented at the annual meeting for the Society of Behavioral Medicine. San Francisco, CA.
Brief summary: In this study, we validated the Activity Choice Index (ACI) with middle-aged populations and tested theorized mechanisms underlying the activity choices targeted by the ACI. Data from this study were derived from 133 middle-aged adults who were randomized to either a cognitive-motor training or attention control video-watching intervention. The ACI composite score was shown to have moderate correlations to physical activity self-regulation measures, as well as low correlations with subjective (Godin) and objective (Fitbit) physical activity measures, different types of self-efficacy measures, and future self-identity at baseline and post-intervention. The ACI composite score was also associated with exercise schema after the intervention trial. Dual-task interference did not correlate with the ACI composite measure however, dual task did correlate with the “park further away” item at post-intervention.
North, J., Palac, D., & Mullen, S. P. (April, 2020). Testing potential benefits of early multisport participation in young adults: a path analysis of physical activity, self-regulation, well-being and retrospectively-reported sport involvement. To-be-presented at the annual meeting for the Society of Behavioral Medicine. San Francisco, CA.
This study investigated the effects of playing many different competitive sports while young and the possible benefits that extend later into young adulthood. The findings suggest that those playing many different sports were better able to regulate their own behavior and maintain a more active lifestyle in adulthood.
Canton, I., Taggart, A., Palac, D., Cohen, J. D., & Mullen, S. P. (April, 2020). Perceived mental fatigue in adults: measurement validation in two studies of adults with chronic cognitive complaints. To-be-presented at the annual meeting for the Society of Behavioral Medicine. San Francisco, CA.